Art and culture

Art and Cultural, Trang-Satun

Trang and Satun is the provinces next to each other, at the Andaman coast. There is a little difference of religion but almost the same in arts and culture. Trang people mostly has the Chinese ancestors which doing trade since the past until now, so that Trang has a lot of shrines. It has bodhisattva (Guan Yin) which is all Chinese worship to in every country.

Trang is outstanding in eating culture, especially breakfast. Most of the restaurant in Trang will has grilled pork and dim sims for breakfast, also the old recipe of tea and coffee. On the other hand, Satun has a lot of Muslim people, they has the dress culture as a symbol, men like to wear “Pa-Lee-Kat” sarong and long sleeve silk fabric shirt which cut in the middle to chest, this kind of shirt could be called as “Ta La Bla Nga”, and also wear a white rounded hat called “ Song Klea”.

Women like to wear batik with long sleeve shirt which cut from chest to the middle which called “ Ka Ba Ya La Bo” or long Ka Ba Ya, if the shirt is short to the middle of hip. If it is cut from chest all the shirt will be called as “Ka Ba Ya Pea Sa”. In Satun city has Mambang Satun Mosque which is the old mosque of Thai-Muslim, also Thai Temples. For the eating culture, the favorite of Satun is roti and teh Tarik, the dim sims and rice porridge from Thai-Chinese is also popular as the breakfast.

Even though there is religion differences of Trang and Satun but the classical dance is quite the same, such as Classical Thai tune called “Manora”, Thai traditional dramatic performance or “Li Kea” and shadow puppet or “ Nung Ta Loong” is the local performing arts of these two provinces.

“Manora”, the Classical Thai tune

It is being told that most of the southern people who has the Manora as ancestor will has Ta-Yay, Kru-Mor and Manora to protect and live in peace, so that lineages must be worshiped and held the Manora ceremony to appease a spirit to Ta-Yay as promised to Manora or Nora. It is being inherited as the outstanding performing arts together with Ta Loong or shadow puppet. The practice and inherit of Nora is not easy, you need a lot of memorization more than sagacious. You need to remember the song correctly and also the singing technique to go along with music instruments. Dance steps are also hard and need to be beautiful and fast as the standard of Manora. Manora gained a lot of reputation for Trang. In the past, there is a lot of group who performing this dance but the most popular is Manora Term which is the best of vers libre. The other groups are Manora Flueng of Tha Chin River, Manora Leaun Saitanwa, Manora Muak Kwaw Kweaw, Manora Kloi Muen Bal Looksit Khun Ta, Manora Pan - Kleang Ngarm which is the famous about the wonderful dresses. Each show needed to be a lot of Manora equipments, people called them as “ Pan Jed-Harb”. In present, Manora in Trang has only limited groups which is still popular such as Sornwanna Jook Sor. Pan Trang or Manora Jook, the discipline of Manora Pan, Manora Kluen Eadjui or Kluen Silp Snea, the discipline of Manora Term, Manora Tawee Noi of South Na Yong. The groups that help to pass on the knowledge to teenagers a like Manora Room Rua Aumnuay Silp of Nai Tao, Huai Yod district.


“Li Kea Pa”, Thai traditional dramatic performance

There is more than 70 years in Phatthalung, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Songkla. In present, hardly to find Li Kea pa in the southern part. Li Kea Pa sometimes called as “ Li Kea Lum Ma Na” which may be followed by the name of the Lum Ma Na drum or one-sided drum with shallow body. Li Kea Pa has been adopted from the Li Kea of Central part which means not as neat as Classical Dancing arts or local Li Kea, as the dress, song, dance moves, and music instruments are local which is for fun in free time as the amateur nor for living

“Nung Ta Loong”, Shadow puppets

Nung Ta Loong is being with southern people for more than hundred years. It is the heritage of performing arts which should be conserved. In the past, local people called as short as “Nung”. The origin of “ Nung Ta Loong” is assumed to come from the performing of Nung Ta Loong of central part of Thailand so that they called “ Nun Ta Loong” and “ Nung Yhai” to be separated clearly. The first southern show that performed in Bangkok in the period of King Rama 3rd by Phraya Phatthalung ( Plueak) around Nang Lerng which came with the first Nung owner from Phatthalung so that people called it as “Nung Phatthalung”, not long from that the sound has changed to be “ Nung Ta Loong”. It is being believed that Nung Ta Loong is copied from Nung Yhai by reduced the size. In the first period, there is the performing of Ramayana as well but changed the sound to be local languages, changed the music instrument to be Tab, Klong, Ching, Mong which is the old music instruments of southern. In the past, if there are any festivals, it is the thing that could not be forgetten to perform .Nung Ta Loong contest is also one of another endless festival.

Shadow puppet (Nang Talung) In Trang

NungTaLoong is being with southern people for more than hundred years. It is the heritage of performing arts which should be conserved. In the past, local people called as short as “Nung”. The origin of “ Nung Ta Loong” is assumed to come from the performing of Nung Ta Loong of central part of Thailand so that they called “ Nun Ta Loong” and “ Nung Yhai” to be separated clearly. The first southern show that performed in Bangkok in the period of King Rama 3rd by Phraya Phatthalung ( Plueak) around Nang Lerng which came with the first Nung owner from Phatthalung so that people called it as “Nung Phatthalung”, not long from that the sound has changed to be “ Nung Ta Loong”. It is being believed that Nung Ta Loong is copied from Nung Yhai by reduced the size. In the first period, there is the performing of Ramayana as well but changed the sound to be local languages, changed the music instrument to be Tab, Klong, Ching, Mong which is the old music instruments of southern. In the past, if there are any festivals, it is the thing that could not be forgetten to perform .Nung Ta Loong contest is also one of another endless festival.